Despite all of our modern technology, reading still is the key to learning. And while children and adults can learn through experienting, to get an education that prepares one for life, reading is essential. Because of this, parents may think that they need the latest electronic gadgets to help their children acquire basic reading skills before they start school. However, what kids really need is the time and attention of their parents talking, reading, singing, and playing with them.
Reading and writing is really just talking on paper. The real prerequisite is developing keen language skills including listening, talking, and understanding the meaning of what is being said. They also need to recognize and form the shapes of the letters used to represent language on paper.
One basic skill is learning to recognize and produce the distinct sounds of their native language. This is known as phonemic awareness. Infants are capable of producing all of the sounds of all of the world languages. By hearing human speech, their brain begins to hone in on the sounds of their own language and mimic those sounds. This skill will prepare them for phonics down the road.
Parents can easily and enjoyably promote development of this basic skill by talking, reading, singing, and playing with their child. Lots of warm and loving smiles, singsong-like vocal inflections that draw out sounds, as well as touch and laughter will help will keep them focused so they learn to discriminate between sounds and learn how they go together to create language.
Educators suggest using rhyming and clapping out the syllables of a word as they recite a short poem or sing a song to help them develop another skill know as phonological awareness (understanding how words are composed of a series of separate sounds in an exact order).
As your child becomes able to understand what you say and read and is able to communicate with you through speech, you are at a point where you can build on this by asking open-ended questions about a story that you read them and use a serve-and-return exchange when communicating with them to help them build up their vocabulary. Have them tell the story in their own words or make up their own. This helps them to develop another skill – comprehension.
The next skill is being able to recognize and produce letters of the alphabet. This will help them develop the pre-reading skill of rapid letter naming. Show them a letter, say the letter, and then have them trace the written letter on paper and write it in the air. You can also have them use clay to form letters, by bending straws, or making a set of letters made out of sandpaper for them to trace.
This skill is best learned through a multisensory approach (visual, auditory, kinesthetic (movement), and tactile (feeling through touch). Educators refer to this as the VAKT approach to learning. Recent research suggests that the brains of good early readers use all four of the brain regions associated with each of these functions.
Most children are ready for phonics, which is the next early reading skill by the time they get to kindergarten. Some children are ready earlier but focusing on the first three skills above will have your child ready for the beginning stages of learning how to read.
These three skills are best learned through repeated and varied experiences of hearing and interacting with human language. Electronic gadgets, videos, tablets, CDs, and educational toys are not the way to go. What works is parents talking, reading, singing, and playing with their child. This human interaction fully engages the child to be fully receptive to the stimuli, which leads to learning and retaining new skills. At the same time that you and your child are having fun and enjoying each other, strong parent–child bonding is also occurring, which is essential to healthy emotional and social development.
Here are some great books that will help you learn more about how your child’s brain works and how you can enjoy fun time with them that will promote skill development as well as a sense of well-being and of being loved: